Comprehensive Guide to Alexandria, Egypt

2024-04-30

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Comprehensive Guide to Alexandria, Egypt
Known as the "Bride of the Mediterranean," Alexandria is Egypt's second-largest city and a prominent cultural and economic hub. It is renowned for its rich history and unique geographical position.

Situated in northern Egypt on the Mediterranean coast, Alexandria serves as a key point for trade and maritime transport. The city hosts a significant seaport, one of the most important in the Mediterranean, linking Egypt with numerous global destinations. This location significantly enhances its economic and logistical importance.

History and Development

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Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC, Alexandria quickly evolved into one of the most important cities of the ancient world. During the Hellenistic period, it emerged as a center for science and culture, home to the Library of Alexandria, which attracted scholars and philosophers from around the globe.

Roman and Byzantine Eras

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After the fall of the Hellenistic empire, Alexandria came under Roman and then Byzantine rule. During this time, it remained a center for culture and trade, although its scientific prominence waned. The city saw defensive enhancements like the construction of walls but also faced numerous conflicts and invasions.

Islamic Ages

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In 641 AD, Arab Muslims captured Alexandria, incorporating it into the Islamic state. Under Muslim rule, the city continued to function as a major port, and numerous mosques and schools were established, enhancing its cultural and religious significance. However, Alexandria was impacted by the Crusades and other regional conflicts.

Ottoman Period

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Starting in the 16th century, Alexandria's role as a regional hub declined as the focus shifted to Cairo. Nonetheless, it remained an important trading port with Europe and saw improvements in infrastructure and naval defenses.

Modern Era

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In the 19th century, Khedive Ismail reestablished Alexandria as a modern urban center. The city underwent significant developments, including port modernization and the construction of consulates and governmental buildings. In the modern era, especially after the establishment of the Egyptian Republic, Alexandria continues to play a pivotal role in Egypt's economy and culture, hosting numerous international conferences and cultural festivals.

Infrastructure in Alexandria

As one of Egypt’s major cities, Alexandria boasts advanced infrastructure that caters to both residents and visitors. The city's infrastructure includes an extensive network of roads, public transportation, educational and health facilities, and recreational amenities, making it an ideal place to live and visit.

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Roads and Public Transport

Alexandria is connected by a sophisticated road network, including the Corniche road, which offers scenic views of the Mediterranean. The city’s ring road is another vital artery facilitating access throughout the city and to neighboring areas.

In terms of public transport, Alexandria has a comprehensive public transportation network, including buses and one of the world’s oldest tram lines still in operation today, providing internal transport services. The railway also connects Alexandria with other Egyptian provinces, with Misr Station being one of the city’s largest and most important train stations.

Educational Institutions

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Alexandria houses numerous prestigious educational institutions, such as Alexandria University, established in 1938 and one of the most venerable universities in the Middle East. Other institutions include the Arab Open University and Pharos University, which offer excellent education across various academic disciplines.

Health Institutions

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In healthcare, Alexandria features advanced hospitals like the University Hospital, one of the best in Egypt. There are also facilities like the Armed Forces Hospital at Maamoura and El Shatby Hospital, providing high-level medical services.

Recreational Facilities

Rich in recreational amenities, Alexandria is famous for its beautiful beaches like Ajami Beach and Maamoura Beach, popular destinations for locals and tourists alike. The city also boasts public parks such as the Zoo and Montaza Gardens, offering green spaces for relaxation and leisure. Additionally, museums like the Alexandria National Museum and the Royal Jewelry Museum display the city's storied history.

Comprehensive Guide to Alexandria, Egypt

Living in Alexandria

Living in Alexandria offers numerous benefits, making it an ideal place for residence:

  1. Geographical Location: Situated on the Mediterranean coast, it offers a moderate climate all year round and opportunities to enjoy splendid beaches.
  2. Cultural and Historical Heritage: As a city with a rich history and diverse culture, Alexandria provides many historical sites and museums to explore.
  3. Cultural Diversity: Home to a diverse community, which fosters cultural understanding and exchange among its residents.
  4. Advanced Infrastructure: Features an efficient public transport system, well-equipped hospitals, and prestigious educational institutions.
  5. Recreational Activities: Offers multiple entertainment options, including beaches, parks, and cultural events.
  6. Seafood Cuisine: Known for its fresh and delicious seafood, a staple of the city’s dining experience.
  7. Real Estate Market: Offers a variety of real estate options to suit different needs and budgets, with property values increasing due to the coastal location.
  8. Safety: Considered one of the safer cities in Egypt, providing a secure environment for residents and visitors.

Real Estate in Alexandria

The real estate market in Alexandria is continually growing, making it an attractive market for investors and residents alike, particularly due to the city’s strategic location and tourist appeal. Real estate investment in Alexandria offers multiple opportunities, from residential apartments to luxury villas and seaside resorts.

Major Real Estate Projects

Several major real estate projects are underway or in planning in Alexandria, reflecting the city's commitment to urban expansion. Key projects include:

  • Bab el-Bahr: A luxury residential complex on the waterfront offering apartments with direct sea views, along with recreational and commercial facilities.
  • New Alexandria Project: A new urban expansion aimed at creating a comprehensive community with residential units, commercial areas, and schools.
  • New Alexandria Port Project: This project aims to modernize the current port and add entertainment and commercial facilities to attract more tourists.
Property Prices and Investment Returns

Property prices in Alexandria vary significantly by area and property type. For example:

  • Apartments: Prices range from 7,000 to 15,000 Egyptian pounds per square meter, with higher prices in upscale coastal areas like Saba Pasha and Gleem.
  • Villas and standalone homes: Prices start at around 20,000 Egyptian pounds per square meter, especially in upscale areas.
The expected return on real estate investment in Alexandria typically ranges between 5% and 7% annually, which is attractive in the context of the Egyptian market.

Start Your Real Estate Journey in Alexandria with Imtilak Global

Thinking about owning property in Alexandria? Imtilak Global is your ideal partner to explore the best real estate opportunities in the heart of the Mediterranean. Whether you're looking for a residential or commercial property, for living or investment, we offer a wide range of options at competitive prices in the finest and most desirable areas. Choose Imtilak Global to easily find the property of your dreams.

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