Istanbul Bosphorus: The Glittering Strait, Istanbul's Grand Bridges, and Its Water Canal

Istanbul is glittering with its European and Asian shores, separated only by the Bosphorus Strait of Istanbul as if it’s a sparkling vein from the veins of life or cause of its causes...

Istanbul Bosphorus: The Glittering Strait, Istanbul's Grand Bridges, and Its Water Canal
2019-01-23 Last update 2020-06-25

Istanbul Bosphorus: The Glittering Strait, Istanbul's Grand Bridges, and Its Water Canal

Istanbul is glittering with its European and Asian shores, separated only by the Bosphorus Strait of Istanbul as if it’s a sparkling vein from the veins of life or cause of its causes.
You hear about this city a lot, you look for it, you see it on the map, you visit it, and you become certain that there is no equivalent of this charming city!
The strait expands in the imagination of its lovers until it is named: the Bosphorus Sea in Turkey, moving from what is narrow to what is wider.
In a rare phenomenon in the world, and only once in the summer of each year, the Bosphorus changes its color from the usual dark blue to pure turquoise!
It is the color that the Ottomans have historically loved, and they have painted the walls of their mosques and painted the monuments of civilization from their structure, so you hardly see a building devoid of this distinctive color.
When orientalists noticed that Turks loved this, they called this color "turquoise" in the sense of the Turkish stone, because of its strong attachment to the monuments of their civilization.

Bosphorus Istanbul

Bosphorus Strait: A witness on civilizations

Istanbul overlooks the Bosphorus, and many of the civilizations that have passed through Istanbul throughout history, and these civilizations must have left behind as well many of the monuments witnessing the greatness of this city, landmarks surrounded by the Bosphorus Strait already as the famous castle of Rumeli hisarı.

Rumeli hisarı: A Present History

The Rumelihisarı castle is located on the European side of Istanbul with a direct view of the Bosphorus, as its name indicates, it was already built with the intention of tightening the siege on the Romans just before the conquest of Constantinople, and was built by Sultan Mohamed El Fatih in only 4 months!

The castle is considered an architectural miracle in terms of speed of achievement, creativity, and design in line with the topography of the mountainous region!

The Bosphorus: The Magic of Nature

A combination of prestige and delight at the same time, on those who have the chance to see this majesty, will enjoy them. You will experience an exquisite delirium between greenery that has surrounded you where you are in the middle of the mountain and the blue of the unique turquoise color below you, all this with refreshing breezes coming to you mountainously, sometimes, and nautical at another time.
As of the most beautiful natural enchantments on the Bosphorus shores, it is enough to follow the footsteps of tourists, especially in the spring, to find yourself in a paradise of colors reflected in the park of Emirgan.
There, where the Tulip flowers enchant your heart, indescribable, especially after people of experience and art have put their magical touches to make it a wonderful place.

Emirgan Park

In Emirgân Korusu Park, you will be amazed by the many colors, as if they were poured on a carpet full of tulips.
This unique tulip flower that amazed the European people for the Ottomans transfer them to themselves, so it is not surprising if you know that historians have called the name of the tulip flower (Lale) on the golden period of the age of the Ottoman Empire (the era of the Lale). Where the sultans of that period took care of the arts, culture, and literature and ordered the cultivation of the tulip everywhere until the entire country became crowned with that flower!

Bosphorus Beach: Elite destination and luxury real estate center

As you walk along the Bosphorus in Turkey, you will notice those magnificent yachts anchored on its banks, next to luxury properties and historic or modern palaces, which makes the Bosphorus a destination for the elite and celebrities, so investors see it as an investment paradise in Istanbul and are looking for apartments for sale in Istanbul overlooking the Bosphorus.

Bosphorus bridges

Since the Bosphorus Strait separates the Asian and the European parts of Istanbul, It was necessary to find a practical way to travel between the banks of the Bosphorus instead of the usual shipping methods.
Many visions have been offered over the course of history to build a bridge linking the two parts of the city. In the Ottoman era, there were efforts to reflect the idea but it was not successful.
With the announcement of the foundation of the Turkish Republic in 1923, efforts by European companies to build a bridge between the two shores were resumed but none of them saw the light.
After that, three bridges were built on the Bosphorus Strait. The following information is provided below:

15 July Martyrs Bridge "Bosphorus Bridge"

The first bridge was inaugurated on Bosporus Turkey on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Republic of Turkey on 30 October 1973.
It was known as the "Bosphorus Bridge" until the name was changed to the "15 July Martyrs Bridge" after the failed July 15 coup attempt in 2016.

Bosphorus bridge
The bridge towers are 64 meters above the surface of the water. 1,560 meters long, the distance between the towers is 1074 meters, it is 39 meters wide and the cars pass on it through three ways back and forth. The cost of the Bosphorus Bridge was 21 million and 747 thousand dollars.
Since 1979, the first bridge has hosted the 42-kilometer marathon, the bridge crossing stage is the most important, with tens of thousands of nationalities taking part every year.

The Second Bridge (Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge)

With the increasing number of vehicles in Istanbul, and the inadequacy of the first bridge to meet the increasing need of transporting between the two parts of the city, and due to overcrowding, the second bridge was built in Istanbul over Bosphorus.
It came into operation on 4 January 1986. It was also designed by a consortium of foreign companies and implemented by several companies, including Turkish and Japanese companies.
The bridge was opened on 3 July 1988 with four round-trip routes. The bridge is 1510 meters long and 39 meters wide. The distance between the two towers is 1090 meters, while the bridge rises from the sea surface to 64 meters. The bridge is suspended by a pair of cables, and if necessary, replacing one is easy.

Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge
The Sultan Mehmet Bridge is currently part of the Ankara-Edirne road, within Europe International Highway known as TEM.

The third bridge (Sultan Yavuz Selim Bridge)

The construction of the Sultan Selim Bridge took four years and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Prime Minister Ben Ali Yildirim inaugurated the bridge between the European and Asian continents on Friday 26 August 2016.
It is considered the world's largest suspended bridge with a width of 59 meters, and its tallest towers in the world are 322 meters high.
The bridge includes 10 routes, eight for cars and two for express trains, rising from the sea level of 322 meters.

Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge
It is also is characterized by hybrid architecture as It is suspended and equipped with Columns at the same time, making it very innovative.

Transit fees on the three bridges of Istanbul

The fees for crossing the three Istanbul bridges vary according to civil and commercial uses, the size and type of the vehicle, and the Bosphorus bridge fees are the lowest according to the approved rates for 2019 as follows:

Type of the vehicle

Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge

The Bosphorus Bridge

+  Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge


19.15 TL

8.75 TL

Light commercial vehicle

25.50 TL

11.25 TL


13.40 TL

3.50 TL

Commercial vehicles Class 3 - Buses

74 TL


Class 4 commercial vehicles

120 TL


Class 5 commercial vehicles - large trucks

149 TL


Comparison between the Bosphorus Strait and the Istanbul Water Canal Project

The aim of the new Istanbul Canal project is to relieve pressure on the Bosphorus Strait, which naturally connects the Black Sea and the Marmara Sea, especially the large oil tanker movement. This would eliminate the threat of environmental hazards to Istanbul's Bosphorus area, which is home to many unique monuments, palaces, and landmarks.
The length of the canal will reach 45 km and will start from the Kucukcekmece Lake in Istanbul to the Sea of Marmara. It will continue north through the Sazli durah dam and then reach the Black Sea east of the Tartarus Dam in the village of Duroso in the Catalca area in Istanbul.

Istanbul Water Canal Project

The following is a quick comparison between the new Istanbul Canal (also known as the new Bosphorus Canal) and the current Bosphorus Strait:


Istanbul Canal

Bosphorus Strait


45 Km

30 KM


275 M

From 700 M up to 6 Km

Apartments in Istanbul on the Bosphorus

In Istanbul, if you are a lover of beauty, you are one of many people who has taken to the city in terms of diversity and richness.
But if you are VIP, you are a fan of magic and enchantment. In Istanbul, too, the places where these meanings were inhabited were mixed with their mountains and seas. If you love beauty and halal magic, you have to look for apartments in Istanbul on the Bosporus.
The most prominent of these areas on the Asian side of Istanbul are Beykoz, Uskudar, Kandilli, on the European side, the district of Sarayir and Besiktas. Both sides have wide options for those seeking the hotel apartments in Istanbul on the Bosphorus!


Al Jazeera

Turk Press

N Post

Daily Sabah

Edited by: Imtilak Real Estate

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